BH4A is an initiative of the Federal Ministry of Health and its Agencies, in collaboration with the World Bank and the Rapid Results Institute. Teams were established along defined and agreed areas, with each team challenged to develop and implement different sets of interventions. The initiatives were designed to achieve dramatic and visible impact on the health of Nigerians, especially the poorest and most vulnerable in the population. This is ultimately a component of the objective of the FMoH to develop and implement a health agenda of the current administration, under the leadership of President Muhammadu Buhari, GCFR, in a way that is consistent with local and international relevant priorities.