Virus is an animalculine organism that can infect any living creature on the planet whether they are animals, plants, or other microorganisms. And in some cases, viruses can cause a fatal disease like COVID-19 or jungle fever. In the article, we are going to take a closer look at these two viral diseases, and suggest you ways of protection from them.
COVID-19 is a medical disorder caused by a virus shortly called SARS-CoV-2. The World Health Organization first learned of the coronavirus disease at the end of 2019. At that time, there were numerous cases of ‘viral pneumonia’ reported in Wuhan, People’s Republic of China.
Symptoms And Signs
Febrility, tiredness, and short cough are the main signs of COVID-19.
Some patients may be also affected by:
- impaired taste
- syndesmitis (also known as Pink eye)
- stuffiness in nose
- raw throat
- loss of smell
- joint pain
- various kinds of exanthematous disease
- muscle pain
- vomiting sickness
- gastric disturbance
In severe cases of the coronavirus disease, symptoms may be as follows:
- decreased appetite
- respiratory embarrassment
- mental fog
- persistent ache or pressure in the chest
- fever heat (38°C+)
- brain inflammatory state
Less common signs include sleep disruption (or sleep loss), anxiety, confused mental state, depression, and nerve damage.
If you experience one of the mentioned symptoms, contact your consulting physician immediately.
Latest News On COVID-19 in African Region
As of March 2021, 47 African countries are affected by the coronavirus disease. In accordance with the WHO statistical data, there are almost 3 million cases of infection. More than 75,000 people died of COVID-19.
The latest news on COVID-19 is available at afro.who.int
Protection From COVID-19
Here are some simple rules one should follow to prevent this viral disease:
- Keep distance from other people, especially if they don’t put masks on. 1 meter is usually enough, but the further away you are, the better.
- Always wear a mask in public and at indoor gatherings. Store, utilize and clean it appropriately (see below for more information).
- Avoid overcrowded or closed spaces. During the pandemic, it’s better to stay away from cafes, restaurants, gyms, nightclubs, or other places where people have to contact closely or spend extended period of time indoor. In such spaces, viruses are transmitted faster.
- Try to meet people outdoor.
- If you are inside the building, ventilate the space regularly. Open windows to provide the natural air flow.
- Study and remember all the symptoms and signs of coronaviral infection (see above for more details).
- If you experience one of the symptoms, keep the house and avoid meeting other people until you heal up completely. Don’t forget to call your consulting physician or visit the clinic if necessary. Ask someone to supply you with food and/or medications. And always wear a mask while interacting with somebody.
- If you have some severe symptoms (see above for more details), seek medical help urgently. Stick to all the directions of your consulting physician.
- Keep up with the latest news on COVID-19 to understand the situation. Check only trusted sources like World Health Organization or public health bodies (both regional and national).
Other recommendations on prevention and protection from the disease can be found in COVID-19 Health Protection Regulations 2021 published by Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health.
How To Wear A Mask Properly
The most common rules of a proper mask usage are:
- Wash or sanitize your hands before wearing protective means, and after taking them off. Also, it’s highly advised to clean your hands every time you touch the mask and face in general.
- Make certain the mask covers all the lower half of your face, including nose, mouth and chin.
- If you are using medical masks, dispose them in a trash bin every time you take a mask off.
- In case with the fabric masks, store them in a clean container or plastic bag, and wash on a daily basis.
Yellow Fever: Overview
Yellow fever is an endemic viral condition for most of African and South American countries. Other names of the disease are amarillic typhus, amarillosis, or jungle fever. It is transmitted by the Aedes mosquitoes mainly, and can not be spread through direct contact with surrounding people.
Symptoms And Signs
The amarillic typhus latency period lasts up to 6 days. The vast majority of the time, the symptom expression happens in two stages.
The first stage, also called “incipient”, as a rule, causes high temperature, muscular aches (backache mainly), shiver, anepithymia (a.k.a. decreased appetite), retching, and vomiting sickness. At this stage, it’s possible to heal up and get rid of symptoms in 3-4 days.
As the matter stands, 3-5% of all the infected people enter the second stage within a day after a slight remission. They may experience:
- bilious attack
- fever heat (38°C+)
- pain in the stomach area
- aggravated renal function
- bleeding from the mouth, nose, eyes or stomach
At this point, yellow fever can be fatal. 50% of those who enter the second stage die within 2 weeks. The rest recovers with slight damages to organs.
How To Prevent Yellow Fever
The biggest problem of dealing with this viral disease is a cross-boarder transmission. International tourists can easily get infected and then bring the jungle fever back home.
The most common way of combating the disease is preventive immunization (or vaccination). The amarillic typhus vaccine is secure and generally available. One vaccination is usually enough to provide long-lived immunity against this viral condition.
Note that the immunity against amarillosis cannot be developed immediately after vaccination. Within two weeks, you should avoid places where jungle fever is endemic. But if you are already at one, the protective measures include:
- utilizing mosquito repellents;
- wearing safety clothes;
- sleeping under bed nets (even in the daytime) sprayed with bug killing products.
Insect control can also help in preventing the transmission and further outbreaks. What is more, it’s the only solution in places with low immunization coverage or that are simply not come-at-able. Musqueto control involves getting rid of sites where insects can freely breed, and utilizing insect repellents to kill adult specimen and larva. African and South American citizens, in their turn, should clean household drains and cover water tanks to prevent mosquito breeding.
How To Treat Yellow Fever
There are no specific mediums of treating jungle fever. Still, you can address separate symptoms like water deprivation, high temperature and inflammatory state by drinking enough liquid and taking antibiotics. It will increase the survival rate.
Precautionary Measures For The Jungle Fever Vaccine
In some cases, it’s better to avoid preventative immunization. You should not get vaccinated if you are:
- younger than 9 months;
- allergic to egg protein;
- a pregnant or lactating female;
- a martyr to impaired immunocompetence.
Of course, if the risk of catching an infection is higher than the risk of adverse reactions, exclusions are possible. Anyway, you are supposed to consult with your health care provider beforehand.
Director, Media and Public Relations